Chardonnay was the most popular white wine through the 1990's. This wine
have a variety of styles and flavor characteristics. Chardonnay wines are
produced all over the world but the most famous are probably those made from
the Chardonnay grape in France, but the Chardonnay grape is equally at home
in New Zealand and California.
Sauvignon blanc is a green-skinned grape variety which probably originates
from the Bordeaux region of France. It is now planted in much of the world's
winelands, producing a crisp, dry, and refreshing white varietal wine. It's
one of the main grapes used to produce the elegant dry wines from Bordeaux
(Graves) and the Loire Valley (Pouilly-Fume). Many wineries-particularly in
California-use this grape to produce wonderful wines that are bottled under
the varietal name, Sauvignon Blanc (sometimes labeled Fume Blanc).
Top Types of Wine Video
Champagne is a sparkling wine produced by inducing the in-bottle secondary
fermentation of wine to effect carbonation. It is named after the Champagne
region of France. Grapes must be the white Chardonnay, or the red Pinot Noir
or Pinot Meunier. Champagne is typically a white wine even if it is produced
with red grapes, because the juice is extracted from the grapes using a
gentle process that minimizes the amount of time the juice spends in contact
with the skins, which is what gives red wine its colour.
Riesling is a white grape variety and varietal appellation of wines grown
historically in Alsace (France), Austria, Germany, and northern Italy. It is
a very old grape, first documented in 1435. Today Riesling is Germany�s
leading grape variety. This wine cover a vast array of tastes from sweet to
Semillon is a golden-skinned grape used to make dry and sweet white wines,
most notably in France and Australia. In France, this grape is grown mostly
in Bordeaux. Semillon is widely grown in Australia, particularly in the
Hunter Valley north of Sydney.
Cabernet Sauvignon is a variety of red grape mainly used for wine
production, and is, along with Chardonnay, one of the most widely-planted of
the world's noble grape varieties. The grape is strongly associated with the
great red wines of Bordeaux, such as those of the Medoc. Major producers of
Cabernet Sauvignon wines are France, Italy, United States, Chile, Argentina,
South Africa, New Zealand and Australia.
Shiraz or Syrah
The name of the grape Shiraz was taken from that of the city of Shiraz in
Persia/Iran, where the process of wine making possibly originated 7000 years
ago. It is called Syrah in France and most often in the United States. In
South Africa, Australia, and Canada it is most commonly known as Shiraz. It
is a grape variety widely used to make a dry red table wine. Shiraz is often
vinified on its own, but is also frequently blended with other grape
varieties, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Grenache, Mourvedre and
Cabernet Franc is a red wine grape variety similar to and a parent of
Cabernet Sauvignon. It tends to be softer and has fewer tannins than
Cabernet Sauvignon, although the two can be difficult to distinguish.
Cabernet Franc forms part of the Bordeaux blend, usually taking a minor role
to Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon, except in certain wines of the Saint-Emilion
appellation. In California and other U.S. states, it is often marketed as
part of the Meritage blend.
Merlot is one of the noble wine grape varieties, used to create a popular
red wine. Merlot-based wines usually have medium body with hints of berry,
plum, and currant. Merlot is produced primarily in France, Italy and
California, and on a lesser scale in Australia, Argentina, Canada, Chile,
New Zealand, South Africa, Switzerland, Croatia, Slovenia, and other parts
of the United States. Most wines from Bordeaux contain at least some Merlot.
Rose is a type of wine that is neither purely red wine nor purely white
wine. It has some of the color typical of a red wine, but only enough to
turn it pink. The pink color can range from a pale orange to a vivid
near-purple, depending on the grapes and winemaking techniques. European
roses are almost always dry wines while American versions (often labeled as
"blush"), such as white Zinfandel are often very sweet.
Zinfandel (Red and White)
California's very own grape comes in an 'any color you like' form, and can
be made into anything from sickly sweet rose, to hulking great reds of power
and considerable charm, and even 'Port' style wine. Although associated with
California, its origins are thought to be either Persian or Southern Italian
(it is claimed to have close origins with the Primitivo grape of that
region). Whatever the truth, Zinfandel has some of the highest sugar levels
of any variety and can therefore create wines of massive proportions with
the extract of fruit and color to match. The best wines tend to be enormous
(often topping 15% alcohol) with fine blackberry and cherry notes and a wisp
of fresh acidity that gives the wine a much-needed lift. Zinfandels can be
magnificent drinking experiences, especially when approached young with
suitably robust foods.
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Wine & Spirits Magazine
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Wine-Searcher's daily updated database of 6521 wine merchants'
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USA Wines - Listing
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Niebaum Coppola Wine Estates
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Avalon of Oregon - Oregon,
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California Wine - Providing
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New York Wine Cork -
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Los Olivos Wine and Spirits Emporium -
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Winetasting.com - California
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including Syrahs from Glen Fiona and Seven Hills wineries.
The Wine Reserve - California
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Wine Online - A
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This listing of the
America's Best Festivals was compiled with the help from a Wine Group called
This list is constantly
being revised as we experience and learn
about more of America's Great Wine Festivals. So, if you feel you have a great idea and want to
please email us and let us